How many valence electrons does clo3?

A chlorine atom (Group VIIA) has seven valence electrons and each oxygen atom (Group VIA) has six valence electrons. Because the chlorate ion has a charge of -1, this ion contains one more electron than a neutral ClO3 molecule. Thus, the ClO3- ion has a total of 26 valence electrons.


What is the geometry and shape of ClO3?

According to VSEPR theory, ClO3− ion has pyramidal geometry due to the presence of 1 lone pair and 3 σ bond pairs which result in sp3 hybridization.


Does ClO3 follow octet rule?

Lewis Dot of the Chlorate Ion ClO3- Chlorine does not follow the octet rule. It will hold more than 8 electrons. Chlorine having valence electrons in the 3rd energy level, will also have access to the 3d sublevel, thus allowing for more than 8 electrons.

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Is ClO3 trigonal planar?

According to VSEPR (Valence shell electron pair) theory. The shape of ClO3- ion is trigonal pyramidal.


What is SO2 shape?

The SO2 molecule has a V-shaped or bent geometry because it contains two oxygen atoms in the V-shaped or bent form and two corners with one lone pairs of electrons on central sulfur atom. There are two S-O double bonds at the SO2 molecular geometry.


Is ClO3 a resonance structure?

Yes, the chlorate ion has three major contributors to the resonance hybrid. Each of the three structures is a resonance contributor. The structure of the resonance hybrid is. The negative charge is distributed equally among the three O atoms.


What is the bond order of the chlorine oxygen bonds in the chlorate ion ClO3 -)?

Thus, there will be 8 bonding electrons and 7 antibonding electrons, leavig a net ofonly one bonding electron. The bond order = (net bonding electrons)/2 = 0.5.


How many resonance structures does ClO3?

Explain your reasoning. The eight resonance structures for chlorate ion are shown below: Structure 1 has octets on all atoms and the formal charges are –1 on all O atoms but +2 on the Cl atom. Consequently, this is unlikely to be the lowest energy structure.


Why does ClO3 have two double bonds?

The Cl in Cl03- has a formal charge of 7-(2+3)=+2. So we need 2 more bonds to make Cl have a formal charge of 0.


What is the oxidation number of c6h12o6?

Find the oxidation number of carbon in glucose C₆H₁₂O₆. Thus, the overall oxidation state of C in C6H12O6 is 0.

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What is the oxidation number of the chlorine atom in the chlorate ion ClO3 and in molecular chlorine Cl2?

Chlorine can also bond with oxygen to give the chlorate ion, ClO3-, in which the chlorine atom has an oxidation state of +5. This ion is named as chlorate(V) using IUPAC nomenclature. The oxidation number of chlorine increases from 0 in Cl2 to +1 in NaClO and it is oxidised.


Why does chlorate have a 1 charge?

Because the bonding pair of electron is shared, i.e. one electron is claimed by Cl , and one by O , this means that the chlorine atom owns 7 valence electrons, and is thus formally neutral, and the oxygen atom also owns 7 valence electrons, and thus has a FORMAL negative charge. And now for chlorate, ClO−3 .


What is the hybridization of ClO3?

The hybridization of the ClO3- is sp3. The atomic orbitals are mixed to form new hybrid orbitals which are different in energy and shape.


How many lone pairs are in BrO2?

The structure of BrO2- has Br single bonded to each O. The Br has 2 lone pairs and each O has 3 lone pairs.


What is the hybridization of the central atom in BrO2?

If you look at the octet model (the one I don’t like because it has too many charges), you will see the bromine also has four domains around it: two single bonds and two lone pairs. So in that model as well, the hybridization of the bromine is sp3.


Does BrO2 have a dipole moment?

(the above drawing is linear but in fact in reality the molecule has a net dipole moment. The shape is similar to e.g. Sulfur dioxide.) If you want to know something more about Br02 see e.g.

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Are two bonds of Sulphur dioxide equal?

In SO2 molecule, the observed bond lengths of two S-O bonds are exactly the same and the length is somewhere in between single and double bond length.


Why does so2 equal bond length?

When SO2 forms, one electron from 3p orbital goes to the 3d orbital and S undergoes sp2 hybridization. Sigma bonds with two oxygen atoms are formed by two of these orbitals and the third contains a lone pair. Hence, both S−O bonds have equal length.


What is hybridization of so2?

In sulphur dioxide, the hybridization that takes place is sp2 type. To determine this, we will first look at the sulphur atom which will be the central atom. During the formation of SO2, this central atom is bonded with two oxygen atoms and their structure can be represented as O=S=O.


What is the oxidation state of fluorine?

Fluorine is assigned the oxidation number of -1 because it attracts the electrons in the bond more strongly than the carbon does. Thus, fluorine appears to have an extra electron, -1 oxidation number. F is the most electronegative element on the periodic table.


What is the state of c6h12o6?

D- glucose is the naturally occurring form of glucose. It can occur either in the solid or liquid form. It is water-soluble and is also soluble in acetic acid. It is odourless and sweet to taste.

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